Rosacea is a vascular conditions that generally affects the facial area. In more cases, rosacea goes undiagnosed and is considered to be sunburn or acne. In many cases, patients believe that a new skin care product caused the burn to their skin. Triggers such as sun exposure or alcohol consumption stimulate blood flow and cause the blood vessels to enlarge. Women are more commonly affected than men and will see redness on the cheeks, chin, nose, and forehead. Most characterize the redness pattern as a butterfly shape across the nose and cheeks. Men can be affected and see symptoms typically on their nose. It is possible for disease to occur on the upper body, neck, or around the eyes.
Some symptoms of Rosacea that affect physical appearance include red bumps similar to pimples, telangiectasia or red lines on the face, or flushing of the face. The papules that form are similar to acne and can contain pus. Telangiectasia are the visible blood vessels under the skin that can be seen as they enlarge. The area around these lines becomes warn or swollen and leave the appearance of spider webs under the skin. Flushing is the earliest stage of Rosacea and can appear for a short or longer time. Eye irritation is also possible and causes redness, dryness, crusted mucus or tearing.
Migraine headaches have been reported in some patients diagnosed with Rosacea. It is believed that there is a link between the two because of the connection with blood vessels. As the blood vessels enlarge and increase the blood flow to the facial areas, it is also pushing blood through faster to the brain. Those who are experiencing redness and migraines should talk to a doctor about Rosacea.